World War 1


Introduction

World War 1 is summarised in Wikipedia:

“World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was an international conflict that began on 28 July 1914 and ended on 11 November 1918. It involved much of Europe, as well as Russia, the United States and Turkey, and was also fought in the Middle East, Africa and parts of Asia. One of the deadliest conflicts in history, an estimated 9 million were killed in combat, while over 5 million civilians died from occupation, bombardment, hunger or disease. The genocides perpetrated by the Ottomans and the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic spread by the movement of combatants during the war caused many millions of additional deaths worldwide.

In 1914, the Great Powers were divided into two opposing alliances, the Triple Entente, consisting of France, Russia, and Britain, and the Triple Alliance, made up of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. Tensions in the Balkans came to a head on 28 June 1914 following the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the Austro-Hungarian heir, by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb. Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia and the interlocking alliances involved the Powers in a series of diplomatic exchanges known as the July Crisis. On 28 July, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia; Russia came to Serbia’s defence and by 4 August, the conflict had expanded to include Germany, France and Britain, along with their respective colonial empires. In November, the Ottoman Empire, Germany and Austria formed the Central Powers, while in April 1915, Italy joined Britain, France, Russia and Serbia as the Allied Powers.

War Memorial

The War is commemorated by the Rowlands Castle War Memorial, situated in St John’s Churchyard opposite the Shell Garage, at the junction of Durrants Road/Manor Lodge Road and Redhill Road. The Memorial displays the names from both World Wars of those local military personnel who fell during active service. The Memorial is described  and displayed in full by the War Graves Commission in their Roll of Honours Website.

Those fallen in the First World War have been researched by the late Tony Cowin – former Chairman of the Historical Society – and published in issues of previous Rowlands Castle Association Magazines. They are currently being consolidated for publication here too.   


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