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VE Day: Commemorations

VE Day Commemoration, 8th May 2020, Rowlands Castle

End of WWII – 75 Years On

Introduction

This topic was created to enable residents of Rowlands Castle to commemorate Victory in Europe Day, in 2020, which was 75 years after the war concluded in Europe (but continued in the Far East until 1946). Residents were invited to record not only their personal experiences but also those of their close family,as the previous generation was more likely to have been active during the War. These recollections were originally intended to supplement the events planned for 8th May 2020 held on and around The Green. As it happened, most of the events intended for that day were cancelled due to precautions due to the Coronavirus Pandemic. So, on its own, this article may become more memorable. Subsequent ‘Grapevine’ invitations were proposed.

(Editorial: Click to scroll through all the images and enlarge them. June 2020)

“Because of the Pandemic, the VE Day Commemoration event was relatively brief with the ‘Raising of the Flag’ and playing of the ‘Last Post’ before only a modest attendance. The second photo demonstrates the requirement for ‘social distancing’ respected by residents. We are grateful for the photos provided by Kelvin Schaffli, Editor of the RCA Magazine.”

The village residents responded to the ‘Grapevine’ invitation to share their memories, or their recollections about a father or other close family member. Furthermore, two ‘In Memoriam’ have been included about fighter pilots who crashed in Stansted Forest during the War.

Viewers may also wish to refer to the transcripts of audio interviews with senior residents describing their experiences as children when, for several months, the Village was buzzing with troops assembling prior to D-Day, 6th of June 1944, when the Normandy Landings started. Troops and their equipment arriving via the railway sidings at Rowlands Castle were camping in the Village and local forests.

Read transcripts of D-Day audio interviews

By way of introduction, It interesting to note that one father’s war-time experience indicated that he had joined the Forces at the extremely young age of 13 during the early days of the RAF, graduated via aircraft maintenance into flying, flew a float plane during preparations for the Schneider Trophy over the Solent.  He then went into flying instruction, eventually spending the whole War as a flying instructor in South Africa. He was awarded the MBE, as an ‘Additional’ Member.

(Editorial: Both a Schneider Trophy Float Plane and a Sunderland Flying Boat are on display at Solent Sky Museum in Southampton, along with the history of the Spitfire fighter)

The second father, also in the RAF, initially as a wireless operator, suffered a horrific sinking in the RMS Lancastria when being evacuated from France at the start of the German occupation. He was recovered from the sea and flew on many long sorties out over the Atlantic in Sunderland Flying Boats, during which time his plane depth charged and sank a German submarine. He ‘won’ the ‘Goldfish Medal’ (an ‘unofficial’ medal) for ditching in the sea several times.

The third example, the Editor’s father, was a relatively humble signalman, married and belatedly conscripted during the War into the Royal Signals, took part in a nerve-wracking experience to remove a live bomb from the coal-bunker of his landing craft, following which he landed at Juno beach shortly after D-Day. He also described his subsequent long journey from Normandy culminating in Berlin. These two experiences were described in documents that he left, both of which he typed himself on an old portable German typewriter.

These descriptions of active service are memorable for both the critical incidents in which the fathers took part as well as the long duration of their service. Furthermore, during World War II and unlike today, families received infrequent communications, and did not having the benefit of mobile phones or instant reporting by radio, let alone by television.

Some Background

As the commemorations originally planned for 8th May 2020 have been cancelled, this article may also serve as a reminder of similar deprivations during the current Coronavirus Pandemic, from ‘over-stocking’ of food and other necessities because of ’social distancing’, ‘self-isolation and by ‘staying at home’. During WWII supplies were allocated by means of ‘ration books’. Residents have loaned copies of ration books from that War – for Food, Clothes and Motor Fuel:

Ration Book

Inside of Ration Book

Inside of Clothing Book

Motor Fuel Ration Book

Residents Commemorations

1. Resident: Joy Roberts (nee Lane) 1934-

Joy writes:
“I am elderly but still have vivid memories of when the War broke out. On one occasion, my brother Peter and I were playing outside in a small go cart in the Plymouth street where we then lived. We were lucky that my brother saw a plane diving on us. He overturned our play-cart, so the bullets hit the cart and not us! My father was in the Royal Air Force and, leaving on a posting two days after the start of the War (but not know where he was going). In the event, he was sent to South Africa to train pilots to fly, only coming home some five years later, after the War was over.

Joy and Peter in the ‘cart’

Peter, mother and Joy

Invitation to Horace Tilzey MBE Award at Holyrood House

Photo of Joy at Holyrood House 1953

I was born in 1934 and can recount quite a lot: my grandmother Lane lived in Gamble Road, North End. Both my parents were Portsmouth people. Mother Audrey would not let us be evacuated so for most of the War, we lived on a farm in the Wield near Four Marks in Hampshire. We also spent time with relatives in Portsmouth, aware of doodlebugs flying by the windows, then the noise cut out and we never knew if it was our turn to be bombed!

After the War, I also was very proud to attend the award ceremony with my Father when he received his MBE from the Queen at Holyrood House, awarded for services in South Africa.”

Read more about Joy’s father Horace Tilzey, MBE

2. Resident: Norman Wilson

Norman Wilson came to Rowlands Castle in 2015. He has offered photos and records of Ration books as well as his father, Norman, Trevor, Hamilton Wilson’s photos and records. His father’s Royal Air Force career began in 1939, aged 23, retiring in January 1952. His father was rescued from the sinking of the liner RMS Lancastria, off St Nazaire. This emerges as one of the tragedies of World War II, being overloaded and leading to the possible loss of some 4,000 lives. (Lancastria was launched as the Tyrrhenia in 1920 on the Clyde, for a subsidiary of the Cunard Line, but renamed and refurbished as the Lancastria in 1924). She was requisitioned during the war assisting in the evacuation of Norway. Then assisting again in 1940, in the evacuation of British forces from France under Operation ‘Ariel’).

Having been rescued, Norman’s father was enlisted, posted as a Wireless Operator in RAF 98Squadron which, for several years, conducted long-range air patrols over the Atlantic in Sunderland Maritime Patrol Bombers (flying boats) from bases in Scotland and Iceland. One of the more successful encounters involved the sinking by depth-charges of U-Boats, enemy submarines. Please read his account.

3. Resident Alan Drinkwater 1939-

“I moved to Rowlands Castle in 1983 and am a founder member and trustee of the Rowlands Castle Heritage Centre, also editing this proposal to record events around World War II and VE Day. I was born in 1939, eight months before the War was precipitated, so was a young child – up to six years old. We lived in Harrow, Middlesex on the north-west outskirts of London. I remember that our semi-detached suburban house had a massive wooden air-raid shelter built in the living room. It was later replaced by a steel Morrison shelter (four angled steel corners, a flat steel roof, and meshed steel rods for side screens, slightly higher than a dining room table).

The three things that stick in my mind include the noise and blast of buzz bombs which occasionally flew over, cut out and exploded, shattering the glass in our windows. One time I was walking nearby outside when one cut out, followed by a silence… Secondly, I remember being evacuated with my mother to a farm near Kings Kerswell in Devonshire. I attended the local school, cared for by two local girls, where I never really settled down. This was partly because I was away ill for a few days and came back to a different desk in the small classroom (!) and did not like the potatoes served for school lunches! Thirdly, at home in Harrow, I remember with affection the two small chicken runs built by my father, where I spent hours talking to and feeding by hand several egg-laying hens!”

Please read Albert’s account of his experiences.

4. In Memoriam

This section encompasses write-ups about two allied pilots who unfortunately crashed their fighter planes in Stansted Forest during the course of the War: Flying officer Gerry Clermont, RCAF flying a Typhoon, and Flight Sergeant Sigurd Jenssen, RAFVR, a Norwegian Pilot, flying a Hurricane.

The site for a cross and interpretive plaque for Gerry Clermont was only recently relocated into a more prominent position in the Long Avenue extending from Stansted House. A service was conducted to which  Gerry’s relatives from Canada and a representative from the Canadian Embassy in London had been invited. The relatives kindly loaned the medals that Gerry was awarded, for display in Stansted House. Residents from Stansted Estate and the Friends of Stansted Park as well as residents from Rowlands Castle attended. A Spitfire from Goodwood was invited for a brief fly-past. Ron Godwin (FOSP) has prepared a memorial booklet on Gerry Clermont from which there is an extract, here.

Sigurd Jenssen is also recorded by a small plaque attached to a tree near where he crashed. Resident Brian Tomkinson has written a memorial notice.

Editorial: This VE Day article first appeared in the RCHC website in May 2020)